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NATO’s military aid to Ukraine is valuable

NATO has sent anti-aircraft systems to counter Russian drones to Ukraine, as the Secretary General of the Alliance revealed today. “These are interference systems, which are part of a comprehensive package of support to the armed forces of Ukraine,” Jens Stoltenberg stressed at a press conference in Brussels.

These devices are electromagnetic transmitters that interfere with drones’ navigation or communication systems. The Russian military has been increasingly attacking with kamikaze drones since last month. According to the Ukrainian Air Force, the drones used by the Russians are mainly Iranian-made.

Stoltenberg did not rule out the possibility of Patriot missiles being sent to Ukraine, but added that the decision rests with the Alliance member countries.

Earlier this week, the German government offered to send Patriot anti-aircraft missile arrays to Poland, with the aim of delivering them to Ukraine.

The NATO Secretary General emphasized, however, that he will call on the foreign ministers of the NATO countries, at their meeting in Bucharest next week, to continue supporting Ukraine.

Military aid

Kyiv was even able to deal with the Russian invasion, but also to launch two counter-offensives that allowed the recapture of huge parts of eastern Ukraine, – mainly thanks to the flow of weapons from NATO. Weapon systems such as MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System), missiles of various types (ATGM – AntiTank Guided Missile) and unmanned aerial vehicles, such as the Turkish Bayraktar Tb2, proved to be of strategic importance.

NATO countries have sent 410 Soviet-made tanks to Ukraine, including 40 T-72 tanks from the Czech Republic and about 230 from Poland. About 210 armored vehicles have also been brought to Kyiv from the Czech Republic, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Poland, Slovakia, Greece and Slovenia. These are Bmp-1 vehicles of Russian Cold War heritage or local versions thereof.

There are also around 1000 armored personnel carriers from the Netherlands, Lithuania, UK, Australia, Denmark, USA, Portugal, France, Finland, Spain and Canada. These are vehicles of different types but the M-113 (in various versions) make up the vast majority.

More than 800 Mrap (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) vehicles have also been sent to Ukraine from Spain, Australia, Estonia, UK, USA, Turkey and Germany. 440 of them are American M1224s while 90 are Australian Bushmasters and 200 are Turkish Kirpi BMCs.

More than 1,200 light infantry vehicles have also been sent from the US, UK, Portugal, Canada, Poland, Italy, Norway, the Netherlands and France. The vast majority (about 1000) are American Humvees that began arriving in April. Towed guns (various calibers, from 105 to 155 mm), come from USA, Australia, Canada, Estonia, Czech Republic, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, United Kingdom and Lithuania. Most are American M777s. Italy and Estonia sent FH-70 howitzers in May.

As for self-propelled artillery, of the 200 vehicles delivered to date (another 180 will arrive soon), the Pzh 2000 stands out, supplied by Germany and the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Poland, France, Norway, Slovenia, Latvia, Lithuania and Italy.

Anti-aircraft systems

The United States has so far supplied Kyiv with 38 Himars systems, Germany and the United Kingdom 11 M-270 systems (5+6), Poland more than 20 “Grad” systems, while the number of Turkish TLRG-230s they arrived during the summer is not known. The total of Turkish Bayraktars delivered between March and September should be 20, in addition to those already in possession of the Ukrainian armed forces.

As for anti-aircraft artillery systems, Germany has sent 30 self-propelled ‘Gepard’ since July and 23 Finnish ITK 61s.

The Czech Republic, Slovakia and the United Kingdom have also sent Strela-10 anti-aircraft missiles and a Russian-made S-300 array. A few weeks ago, German anti-aircraft systems Iris-Ts (4), American Nasams (8), a Spanish Aspide 2000 and a French Crotale arrived in Ukraine, and soon two Hawks missile arrays will be transferred from Spain.

Denmark, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Netherlands have sent “Harpoon” air-to-sea missiles.

Poland supplied about one hundred Russian R-73 air-to-air missiles for Ukrainian fighter jets (MiG-29 and Su-27), while the United States sent AGM-88 Harm missiles.

Turkey, in addition to the supply of Bayraktar Tb2 drones, has also sent missiles since March until today.

Aircraft and helicopters

The thorniest problem over arms supplies to Ukraine appears to have been resolved with an agreement reached in April, when 14 Bulgarian Su-25 “Frogfoot” fighters were bought by NATO and transferred to Ukraine, to be followed by 4 more from the North Macedonia .in August. .

Several helicopters have also been sent to Kyiv: 21 US Mil Mi-17s (from Afghanistan) were sent from the United States in April. Then they were transferred to Ukraine, four helicopters from Slovakia, two Estonian, four Czech Mi-24, six Ka-32 Portuguese. Three British Sea Kings helicopters should be delivered by late November-early December.

On Wednesday, the White House approved a new $400 million package of military aid to Kyiv, consisting of ammunition for Nasams missile systems, 150 heavy machine guns with thermal sights to counter drones, ammunition for Himars missile systems, 10,000 mortar rounds of 120 mm, unknown number of Harm missiles, 150 Humvees, over 100 light tactical vehicles along with generators and spare parts for 105 mm guns.

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